Stomach cancer is also known as gastric cancer occurs when cells in the patient’s body start to grow uncontrollably. Stomach cancer is different from other cancers like cancer of liver, colon, pancreas or small intestine. Stomach cancer develops over many years as before cancer develops, some early changes occur in the inner lining of the stomach, but they do not show any symptoms. Cancers in different sections of the stomach show various signs, and thus, cancer location affects the treatment options. About 80 to 90 percent of all stomach cancers cases are adenocarcinomas, and the tumour develops from the cells that form in the mucosa.
Risk factors of stomach cancer
- Below are some risk factors that can make a person more prone to stomach cancer; they are :
- Men are more prone to stomach cancer in comparison to women.
- People above the age of 50 are more prone to stomach cancer
- If a person has an infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria.
- If a person has certain types of stomach lymphoma.
- People who consume more of smoked foods, salted fish, meat and pickled veggies.
- Rate of stomach cancer doubled in smokers and tobacco use.
- Obese people are more prone to stomach cancer
- In case a person had any kind of prior stomach surgery
- Swelling or fluid build-up in the abdomen
- Blood in the stool
- Low red blood cell count
Treatment of stomach cancer
Treatment for stomach cancer depends on various factors, counting the severity of cancer, patient’s overall health as well as preferences. Stomach Cancer Treatment cost in India ranges from USD 5800 to USD 6000. Also , Chemotherapy treatment may cost USD 650 to USD 1200 per session. Treatments of stomach cancer include
- Radiation therapy
Stages of stomach cancer
Stomach cancers can grow and spread in diverse ways as they can grow through the wall of the stomach and also spread to nearby organs. Cancer can also spread to the lymph vessels as well as nearby lymph nodes . in Advanced stages stomach cancer becomes more advanced, it can travel through the blood and metastasize to organs counting the liver, lungs, and bones, which can make it harder to treat.
Stage 0 of stomach cancer
In this stage 0 of stomach cancer, tumour is limited to the inner lining layer of the stomach and has not spread into deep layers. 0 stage stomach cancer can be treated with surgery only, and there is no need for chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Stage I of stomach cancer
Stage I has two sub-stages Stage IA and stage IB
- Stage IA of stomach cancer is treated by removal of cancer by total or subtotal gastrectomy. Surgery is done to remove it, and no further treatment is required after that.
- Stage IB – in this stage of stomach cancer, the treatment is only surgery i..e total or subtotal . in some cases, chemo and radiation therapy is given to patients to shrink cancer. If a patient is too sick due to other health conditions and is not a candidate to have surgery, they may be treated with chemoradiation if they can tolerate it.
Stage II of stomach cancer
The treatment to remove cancer when it is at Stage 2 is surgery, and it is done to remove all or part of the stomach. In many cases, patients are treated with chemo also to shrink cancer.
Stage III of stomach cancer
Surgery is the treatment of patients with stage II stomach cancer. In some cases, patients may be fully cured with surgery while in other cases, patients can only get relief from symptoms of stomach cancer.
Stage IV of stomach cancer
Stage IV of stomach cancer is a crucial stage in which cancer has spread to distant organs, and the cure at this stage is not possible. Treatment can help patients to control cancer and help relieve symptoms. In some cases, gastric bypass can be done to keep the stomach from becoming blocked.
Stomach cancer that comes back after the first treatment is known as recurrent cancer. The Treatment options for recurrent stomach cancer are the same as they are for stage IV cancers. It also depends on the location of cancer recurs, and also about what treatments the patient has already had, and the person’s general health. Decisions about whether to continue, or to change, or stop treatment may be based on the results of many tests that are done. Some of the follow-up tests will keep from time to time following treatment. The results of these tests can show if your condition has changed or if cancer has recurred.