A Complete Guide to Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is also referred to as mouth cancer and is found to develop commonly in people of all ages.  The main reason cited behind the development of this type of cancer in the mouth region is due to usage of different types of tobacco products. People are found to be addicted to tobacco products, which is not only harmful to their overall health, but also causes oral cancer. It is one of the reasons why the government has taken stringent measures to curb intake of tobacco products and smoking by putting up advertisements in the daily newspapers, in almost all channels in the TV and even on the packets on which the tobacco product is sold. But people still refrain from giving due significance to the problem and tobacco consumption along with the problem associated with its intake is only found to increase with time. Combined to it is leading an unhealthy lifestyle that also contributes towards development of this dangerous disease. But with oral cancer surgery cost in India being low, people developing this type of cancer can take respite and survive for a long time without the ailment affecting their lives. But like any other cancer type, it is essential to detect this cancer in its early stages, so as to derive appropriate and timely treatment. 

Development of oral cancer

Cancer, according to medical experts is stated to be uncontrollable cell growth taking place that causes damage to tissues present in the surrounding region. Initially, it starts to develop as a sore within the mouth, only to become incurable if proper and correct treatment is not provided immediately on its detection during the early stages. The areas where it is likely to develop are the tongue, lips, mouth’s bottom part, cheeks, pharynx and sinuses. 

Associated symptoms

  • It develops with skin thickening and minor swellings in the affected region. 
  • Patients are likely to witness development of bumps or lumps. 
  • There is experienced unrecognizable bleeding in the mouth. 
  • Rough spots or eroded areas on gums, lips, inside the mouth are considered to be other signs leading to development of oral cancer. 
  • Numbness in the affected region.
  • White or red gluey speckled patches. 
  • Tenderness and pain experienced on the mouth, neck or face. 
  • Sudden unexplained weight loss
  • Change in voice combined with chronic thought
  • Difficulty in trying to move the tongue and the jaw

Above are few of the reasons which are undertaken if the doctor is suspicious about development of mouth cancer or oral cancer. 

People who generally smoke lots of pipes, cigar or cigarette tend to experience 6 times more chances of oral cancer development. Those who are found to intake directly tobacco products are claimed to be 50 times more prone to contract this disease in their inner lining of the mouth, lips, gums or cheeks. 

Even excessive alcohol consumption with unhealthy lifestyle may lead to faster development of cancer cells. Another reason cited is family history that could be controlled with by routine management. 

Diagnosing oral cancer

Regular visits to the dentists will help identify the issue, if it develops. The dentist will then refer the affected person to visit a specialist in the domain to get immediate, proper and thorough treatment during the initial stages itself. This way, its affects and further spreading to the other parts of the body can be stopped. Oral cancer screening evaluation is offered by the doctor. If any kind of lumps or sore is identified or the above mentioned symptoms and signs are found, then biopsy is conducted along with advanced further procedure to identify the spread of the cancer. 

Prevention and better health advice to follow

Prevention includes, changing to a much better and healthy lifestyle, choosing well balanced diet over oil and fat rich, unhealthy food and not getting much exposed to the harsh rays of the sun. Also tobacco products should be restricted as much as possible or completely removed from the daily life routine. Visiting the dentist regularly also helps to ensure that the mouth is in good shape and free from disease. If pain is felt in the mouth combined with swellings or development of lumps, even in the interiors of the mouth, it should be brought to the notice of the dentist without any delay to get instant treatment. Affordable oral cancer surgery cost in India has given patients second lease of life.

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